SPORT-RELATED CONCUSSIONS AND CTE

WHAT IS CONCUSSION?

A blow to the head or sudden jerky motion of the neck, as in a “whiplash” type injury (head does not need to hit something or be hit); can disrupt normal function of the brain.  This type of brain injury is called a Concussion or Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI).

YOU CAN STILL SUSTAIN  A CONCUSSION OR mTBI WITHOUT LOSING   CONSCIOUSNESS!!!!

The brain is made up of millions of long, thin nerve fibers. Some of these fibers can stretch, snap, or break as a consequence of a head injury.  Like any other part of the body, the brain also has blood vessels that can tear and bleed.  This happens soon after the injury, it often stops on its own and heal like any cut will.  Due to the microscopic size of these nerve fibers, modern technology has yet to visualize them.

CT/MRI SCANS  ARE TYPICALLY NORMAL, YET YOU ARE STILL EXPERIENCING COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS.  NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING IS MUCH MORE SENSITIVE  DETECTING DEFICITS ASSOCIATED WITH CONCUSSION.

ALARMING STATISTICS ABOUT SPORT-RELATED CONCUSSIONS!!!!

In organized high school sports, concussions occur more often in competitive sports, with football accounting for more than 60% of concussions. For males, the leading cause of high school sports concussion is football; for females the leading cause of high school sports concussion is soccer.

High school football accounts for 47 percent of all reported sports concussions, with 33 percent of concussions occurring during practice. After football, ice hockey and soccer pose the most significant head health risk.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports show the amount of reported concussions has doubled in the last 10 years. The American Academy of Pediatrics has reported that emergency room visits for concussions in kids ages 8 to 13 years old has doubled, and concussions have risen 200 percent among teens ages 14 to 19 in the last decade!!

WHAT IS CTE?

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain found in people with a history of repetitive brain trauma, including concussion.  CTE has been known to affect boxers since the 1920’s (when it was termed punch drunk syndrome or dementia pugilistica).  However, in recent years the disease has been found in other athletes, including football and hockey players, as well as in military veterans

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF CONCUSSION?

Following a Concussion, a wide variety of cognitive (thinking abilities), physical, and psychological symptoms occur, typically in stages.  The symptoms may not develop until hours, days or even weeks after the injury. Not all concussion are the same and not everyone develops all the symptoms  listed below.

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Blurred or Double Vision
  • Loss of balance
    • Irritability and Anger
    • Anxiety,  Depression
    • Insomnia
    • Fatigue
    • Short-term Memory Loss
    • Attention and Concentration Problems
    • Planning and Organizing Difficulties
    • Decision Making and Problem Solving
    • Disorientation
    • Confusion
    • Ringing in Ears
    • Change in Behavior (impulsive)
    • Change in Personality        

If you or your child  has experienced head trauma, please contact us, we specialize in treatment of concussion

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